The increasing global energy demand and environmental concerns have led to intense research activities in renewable energy conversion. The conversion of solar light into electricity plays an important role and is paid more attention to by modern researchers in the development of solar cells. Solar cells are the biggest source of renewable energy that converts solar energy into electricity. High efficiency and reduction in the cost of solar cells have been the prime subject of active research among scientists in the last decades. Nanotechnology also plays a prominent role in the field of material science and the manufacturing process of solar cells. In this chapter we have discussed futuristic materials such as carbon-based materials, quantum dots, organic polymers, organic dyes, and other organic materials in the development of solar cells and their future prospects to increase solar cell efficiency.
Advances in Electronic Materials for Clean Energy Conversion and Storage Applications, Volume , 1 January 2023,