In this chapter, we characterize electrification as a megatrend directly shaping not only the energy system but also society, global development, and energy politics internationally. In particular, we highlight the high potency of electrification as a master solution for an accelerated transition to climate neutrality. Although electrification simultaneously creates challenges of its own, a high degree of electrification is technically possible, politically increasingly supported, and can be pushed further by emerging innovations. By referencing studies in the socio-technical literature, institutionalism, and political economy, we also draw attention to the different enablers and constraints on electrification that emerge when different actors and stakeholders on the micro-, meso-, and macro-levels of society are affected by electrification or themselves contribute to it. Finally, we introduce the subsequent chapters to this book on solutions and policy instruments to promote accelerated electrification.
Electrification, Accelerating the Energy Transition, 2021, Pages 3-24,