Studies of waste-to-energy systems have applied a varying range of indicators to assess their sustainability. Through a literature review, this research aims to develop a framework of sustainability indicators that can serve as a reference for future research in waste-to-energy systems. Utilising this framework could helpd to advance SDG 7.2 to increase the share of renewable energy in the global energy mix.

Energy and Buildings, Volume 116, 15 March 2016, Pages 703-708

The smart grid's components
Target 11.6 aims to reduce the environmental impact of cities. Technological advances in electric power grid infrastructure, the smart grid, means a greener, more efficient and more adaptable grid. The relationship with the building and the community is explored in this paper to provide a contemporary look at the current state of the art in the potential of buildings and communities to be integrated in smart grids as well as to discuss the still-open research issues in this field.
Reed Exhibitions,

Oceanology International 2016, 13-15 March 2016

Marine Renewables
The Marine Renewables Conference at Oceanology International 2016 heard from industry experts about recent innovations in modelling, surveying and foundation design, and new techniques and technologies in offshore surveying. The conference included presentations on the novel foundation systems which are being deployed to support offshore wind, tidal and wave energy projects globally. Information about latest technologies and techniques support SDG 7 and SDG 14, to harness renewable energy whilst protecting oceans and seas.

Building and Environment, Volume 97, 15 February 2016, Pages 196-202

Heat map of simulated annual heating demand for South Boston using UMI (a) and daily gas and electricity demand profiles for the highlighted building in South Boston (b).
Targets to reduce GHG emissions in cities require significant political willpower. Transportation and industrial activity have varying contributing factors to GHG in cities, while emissions from buildings is always a key contributor. Understanding building emissions is important in achieving SDG 11 and SDG 13. This article reviews both individual building energy models and regional and country-level building stock models as a way of analysing the energy performance of neighbourhoods.
This paper presents a review of exergy analysis of solar thermal systems based on literature published in the last 2 years. This relates directly to SDG 7 "access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all".
Key strategies to low energy buildings
The behaviour of a building's occupant has a significant impact on the energy consumption of that building. Behaviour patterns of building occupants are uncertain but social scientists have been studying behaviour patterns for decades. Drawing on this research, this paper explores advances and obstacles in modelling occupant behaviour and the impact this can have on measuring energy consumption. Target 11.6 is concerned with reducing the adverse impacts of cities, therefore understanding and being able to predict occupant behaviour will play an important role in achieving this target.

Applied Energy, Volume 161, 1 January 2016, Pages 583-590

The authors of this paper evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of solar PV in Kenya. They use a system-level optimization model for Kenya to evaluate the potential to use grid-connected solar PV in combination with existing reservoir hydropower to displace diesel generation. This system-scale methodology can be used to estimate the potential for intermittent renewable generation in other African countries with large reservoir hydro capacities or where there is a significant opportunity to displace costly diesel generation. This paper addresses SDG 7: affordable and clean energy for all.
Solar energy conversion using semiconductors to fabricate photovoltaic devices relies on efficient light absorption, charge separation of electron–hole pair carriers or excitons, and fast transport and charge extraction to counter recombination processes. Ferroelectric semiconductors offer the possibility to develop new know-how and a plethora of new functionalities of man-made materials for sensing, large scale energy conversion, energy storage, data retention, autonomous energy harvesting at small scales. This will help to address target SDG 7.3 to double the rate of improvement in energy efficiency.

Sustainable Power Technologies and Infrastructure, Chapter 10, 2016, Pages 355–377

This chapter advances both goals 7 (affordable and clean energy) and 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure) through its discussion of incentives and tariffs that encourage sustainable infrastructure, including renewable energy.

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).