Preventive Medicine Reports, Volume 29, October 2022,
People with disabilities have a higher mortality risk than non-disabled people. However, mortality patterns and life expectancy according to disability types are under-researched. This study investigated the sociodemographic characteristics and compared mortality and life expectancy among people with disabilities according to disability type in Korea using 10-year combined data between 2008 and 2017. The National Health Information Database from the National Health Insurance Service covering the total Korean population between 2008 and 2017 was obtained. This study described the age and income distributions of people with disabilities and calculated the mortality rate, proportional mortality ratio, and life expectancy according to disability type. Most disability subgroups had higher average ages than were found for non-disabled people. The proportion of the bottom 20% household income group was also higher in all types of disabilities than in non-disabled people. The crude mortality rate, age-standardized mortality rate, and life expectancy were all worse in people with all types of disabilities than in their non-disabled counterparts, but variations according to disability type were found. The composition of causes of death also varied across disability types. Although all types of disabilities were associated with higher mortality rates and lower life expectancy, the sociodemographic characteristics and mortality and life expectancy patterns differed across types of disability. People with disabilities experienced various health-related problems and financial burdens. Public assistance needs to be strengthened to guarantee adequate income and health care services for people with disabilities, considering their sociodemographic characteristics and mortality patterns.