Health and wellbeing

An Article showing the beneficial impact of lifestyle interventions on weight loss and weight maintenance among the Pasifika community, in the context of SDG 3 and 10.
Background: Empirical, updated country-level estimates on the proportion of cirrhosis attributable to viral hepatitis are required. We estimated the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients with cirrhosis at country, regional, and global levels as an approximation for the fractions of cirrhosis attributable to viral hepatitis. Methods: In this systematic review, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Scielo between Jan 1, 1993, and Aug 1, 2021.
Each year, World Hepatitis Day is observed on 28 July to raise awareness of viral hepatitis, which causes inflammation of the liver that leads to severe disease and liver cancer. Elsevier is proud to present a freely available special collection of journal articles and book chapters highlighting hepatitis research.
Background: Epidemiological studies have reported the associations between nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and pediatric asthma incidence, but unable to ascertain indoor NO2 sources. We estimated the pediatric asthma incidence and corresponding economic losses attributable to NO2 from indoor and outdoor sources in urban areas in China.
Background: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a serious global health problem and China has the largest disease burden. Literatures focusing on economic-related inequalities in HBV infection among pregnant women are scarce. We aimed to quantify the economic-related inequalities and the change over time in HBV infection among pregnant women in mainland China from 2013 to 2020 to inform strategies considering economic-related inequalities.
graphical abstract from Influence of hepatitis C viral parameters on pregnancy complications and risk of mother-to-child transmission
Hepatitis C has increased in women of childbearing age and has important implications in women who become pregnant and their infants. The effect that hepatitis C has on pregnancy outcomes was evaluated as well as the rate of hepatitis C transmission to infants in a large database with linked mother-infant records. It was found that active hepatitis C during pregnancy increased the risk of pregnancy complications. Also identified were very low rates of testing of infants born to mothers with hepatitis C but found higher rates of hepatitis C transmission to infants in mothers with higher virus levels.
An Article on the global prevalence, mortality, and disability-adjusted life-years of hepatitis B, in the context of SDG 3, focusing specifically on a comparison of estimates to WHO elimination targets.

Nanotechnological Applications in Virology, Developments in Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2022, Pages 195-218

This chapter aligns with the SDG goal 3 of good health and wellbeing by showing the role of nanotechnology in the diagnosis, treatment, and development of vaccines of these viral diseases. Nanotechnology could be a great ally for a new way to fight these viruses and treat these diseases.
A Health Policy paper on the health impacts of banned pesticides in the Yaqui population in Mexico, in the context of SDGs 3, 10, and 12, highlighting recommendations for system-level solutions and policy change to current US, UN, and global laws.

International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology, Volume 368, 2022, Pages 143-212

This chapter aligns with the SDG goal 3 of good health and wellbeing by showing current approaches being used to modulate macrophage function in liver diseases and discuss the therapeutic potential of targeting macrophage subpopulations as a novel treatment strategy for patients with liver disorders.