Health and wellbeing

Elsevier,

The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, Issue 3, March 2020, Page 183

 

In support of SDG 5 (gender equality), this reflections piece highlights the challenges of eradicating female genital mutilation (FGM) in Tanzania. Talha Khan Burki reviews the acclaimed documentary “In the Name of Your Daughter”, directed by Giselle Portenier, which focuses on the efforts of Rhobi Samwelly, a woman who runs a safe house for vulnerable girls at risk of FGM in her community and is working to change cultural attitudes towards this practice.
The need for improved and safely managed sanitation facilities is acute in dense informal settlements in rapidly urbanizing areas. One of the key factors influencing the cost-effectiveness and reliability of service provision in informal settlements is the ability to optimize waste collection from latrines with variable use patterns that are spatially dispersed within an informal settlement. This study investigates how latrine sensors could be used to estimate waste fill levels and improve servicing efficiency for forty latrines in Nairobi, Kenya, supporting SDGs 3, 6 and 9.
This conference summary presents world bone experts’ most current consensus positions for appropriate practice regarding densitometric monitoring of bone health, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry machine cross-calibration, care of bone in instance of spinal cord injury, periprosthetic and orthopedic bone health, transgender medicine, and pediatric bone health. The article furthers SDG 3.
Elsevier,

European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 179, 1 October 2019, Pages 765-778.

This article details new approaches to optimise the development of new trypanocidal drugs in the treatment of neglected parasitic diseases of poverty that afflict millions of people in most developing countries. It supports SDGs 1 and 3.
Health workers and patients collaborating
While employers are used to dealing with flu season every year, the new coronavirus threat has caused many employers to rethink how they deal with illnesses and whether they have appropriate plans in place for emerging health threats. Addressing SDGs 3 (good health and well-being) and 8 (decent work and economic growth), this article includes tips that employers can follow to protect their employees and workplaces.
The authors of this meta-analysis assessed the usefulness of multidisciplinary care teams (MCTs) in reducing amputation rates in adults with diabetes. They found that after implementing an MCT amputation prevention program, healthcare systems experience a very significant reduction in amputations. The study furthers SDG 3 (Good health and well-being) by illustratating the effectiveness of investing in an MCT prevention program in terms of ‘possible limbs saved’.
Elsevier,

Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology, Vol 15, 2019, pages 70-75.

The KiDS project is a new collaboration designed to inform and teach staff, children and parents about diabetes management. Following trials in Brazil and India, the project has increased knowledge about diabetes, reflected through healthier food choices and support for physical activities at school. This supports SDG's 3, 4 and 10.
A systematic review to investigate the effects of lifestyle interventions on health outcomes for people with metabolic syndrome. The results indicate that Health services should consider implementing lifestyle-intervention programs for people with metabolic syndrome to improve outcomes and prevent progression to chronic disease supporting SDGs 3 and 4.
Cycleways away from traffic with lower concentrations of pollutants from motorised vehicles sometimes result in longer distances and hence require longer travel times, while alternative routes sharing the road with other traffic, sometimes with buses, might result in exposure to higher pollutant concentrations. To help commuter cyclists achieve their objectives of getting to work in the shortest possible time and maximising their health benefits, this paper proposes a bi-objective route choice model, with the minimisation of travel time and pollutant dose as the two objectives. This supports SDGs 3 and 11.
Elsevier,

Sport Management Review, Volume 22, Issue 4, 2019, Pages 540-552

For the purpose of this study, innovation is defined as the implementation of new or improved ways of promoting social change. The researchers draw primarily on the social innovation literature given the nature of sport for development and peace (SDP), with a clear emphasis on innovations related to social change and how these SDP entities utilize sport-based initiatives to help address broader development goals. This relates to SDGs 3, 16 and 17.

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