Ending the HIV epidemic relies in part on integrating stand-alone HIV programming with primary health-care platforms to improve population-level health and ensure sustainability. Integration of HIV and primary health care services in sub-Saharan Africa improves both outcomes. Existing models support both integrating primary health care services into existing HIV services, and incorporating HIV services into primary health care platforms, with optimal programming based on local contexts and local epidemic factors. Person-centred differentiated service delivery, community-based interventions, and a well supported health workforce form the backbone of successful integration. Strategic financing to optimise HIV and primary health care integration requires well-coordinated partnerships with host governments, private sector companies, multilateral stakeholders, development banks, and non-government organisations. Programme success will require increased flexibility of international donors’ implementation guidance as well as involvement of local communities and civil society organisations. As we seek to end the HIV epidemic by 2030 amidst a constrained global economic climate, integration of HIV programming with primary health care offers an avenue of opportunity and hope.
The Lancet Global Health, Volume 11, July 2023,