Health and population

SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis C in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
Three or more cups of coffee daily halves mortality risk in patients with both HIV and HCV. This finding is based on a large nation-wide study in France. This is relevant to SDG 3 and specifically the targets concerned with the reduction of infection diseases, like hepatitis C (HCV).
HIV Rapid Test being administered (Equality Michigan viaWikimedia Commons)
Patients in China can face long delays in completing their testing and initiating treatment when newly diagnosed with HIV. This study aimed to improve linkage to care by assessing the effectiveness of an intervention involving rapid point-of-care testing, trialled in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south China. The intervention increased the number of patients starting treatment and reduced mortality. However, difficulties in ensuring patients remained in the care cascade were noted and highlights the challenges China faces in meeting the SDG 3 goals.
SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
YS Chi at the Humanitarian of the Year Awards
Joe Biden, former Vice President of the United States, and YS Chi, Chairman of Elsevier and Director of Corporate Affairs at RELX Group, received Humanitarian of the Year awards from the United Nations Association of New York (UNA-NY). Biden was recognized for his efforts in leading the Cancer Moonshot initiative, which has resulted in new programs and multidisciplinary collaborations to improve cancer research and care, while Chi was recognized for Elsevier’s support for the initiative. The Cancer Moonshot initiative directly supports SDG 3, Target 3.4 and Indicator 3.4.1.
Elsevier,

Lancet Oncology Commission, November 2017

Lancet Oncology commission report
The report is authored by over 50 leading oncologists, including members of leading US cancer organizations, and sets out 13 key priority areas, each with measurable goals, to focus the $2 billion of funding released to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) as part of the 21st Century Cures Act. The report sets out a detailed road map to deliver on the Blue Ribbon Panel recommendations, including a focus on prevention, a new model for drug discovery and development, a vast expansion of patient access to clinical trials, and an emphasis on targeted interventions to improve cancer care for underserved groups, specifically children, cancer survivors and minority groups.
Lancet Oncology commission report
A fundamental shift in how cancer research is conducted and how cancer care is delivered in the United States is required in order to deliver on the Cancer Moonshot initiative, according to a major new report called The Lancet Oncology Commission: Future Research Priorities in the USA. Authored by over 50 leading oncologists, including members of leading US cancer organizations, the report sets out 13 key priority areas, each with measurable goals, to focus the $2 billion of funding released to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) as part of the 21st Century Cures Act.
An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control. Implementing the proposed scheme for drinking water reservoirs enhances current water quality monitoring practices by solely utilising in situ monitoring data, in addition to cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin measurements. Access to routinely measured cyanotoxin data allows for development of models that predict explicitly cyanotoxin concentrations that avoid to inadvertently model and predict non-toxic cyanobacterial strains.
New HIV diagnoses among people aged 50 years or older in the EU & EEA
SDG 3 target 3 is concerned with ending the AIDS epidemic. Between 2004 and 2015 there were 54 102 new cases of HIV infection in older adults (aged ≥50 years) reported in the 31 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). In comparison with younger adults this age group were more likely to present late and to have acquired the infection via heterosexual contact. The notification rate of new infections increased in older adults over the time period studied, which highlights the need for increased education and targeted prevention strategies for this population.
Elsevier,

Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.

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