The association of melting Himalayan glaciers and planetary health is complex. Climate change has accelerated the melting of Himalayan glaciers, with profound impacts on the planetary health realms of the Himalayan region and that now threaten hundreds of millions of people. Using a complex adaptive systems framework based on a systematic literature review, this complexity has been captured and mapped in nine subsystem categories: ecological services, disaster, water security, food security, energy security, livelihood and culture, migration, conflict and public health. This mapping helps to explain linkages between melting glaciers and associated planetary health issues, which can be helpful in planning for better planetary health.
Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021,