Biodiversity and ecosystems

Elsevier, the global information and analytics business specializing in science and health, is making over 5,000 subscription articles on climate change freely available for a test period. The articles contribute knowledge to advance Goal 13, Climate Action and are available through Mendeley, the reference manager and academic social network.

This collection of articles focusses on SDG 14 (life below water). Every coastal State, including several members of G20, face threats to marine ecosystems and the environment as complex societal, economic and governance challenges. Ocean management involves multi-disciplinary science and complex issues of policy design, while implementation demands consultative decision making and long term capacity development.


Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 171, 1 April 2019, Pages 28-36,

This article contributes to SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 14 (life below water), highlighting the importance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as effective instruments to conserve biodiversity and its resources.

Joule, Volume 3, Issue 4, 17 April 2019, Pages 1006-1027.

This research develops SDGs 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land). A new recycling process of the common plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) could help with the urgent problem of ever-increasing amounts of plastic waste in our oceans and the environment.

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2019, Pages 154-166.

This research supports SDGs 2 (zero hunger), 15 (life on land) and 17 (partnerships for the goals). Ecological intensification aims to use ecosystem services (e.g. pollination and pest management) to sustain agricultural production while minimising environmental impact. Kleijn et al. discuss the benefits of ecological intensification and ways that scientists can better communicate these to farmers.
This article focuses on SDG 14 (life below water). This commentary discusses the recent United Nations meetings which prepare international legally binding instruments focussed on the protection of biodiversity in waters beyond National Jurisdiction.

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 34, Issue 1, January 2019, Pages 57-68.

In support of global conservation targets SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG15 (life on land), the Aichi Targets of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity have provided a set of clear conservation targets. The authors argue that scenarios and models are not currently being used to their full potential.

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 33, Issue 12, 2018, Pages 936-944.

This research directly relates to SDG 13 (climate action ) and SDG 14 (life below water). The authors here argue that we need to identify the coral reefs that are less vulnerable to climate change as they may be best positioned to survive and thus regenerate degraded coral reefs in the future.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 33-42.

This article contributes to goal 15 by arguing that the SDG portfolio can trigger a major step towards more holistic land use perspectives at the agriculture-forestry interface. This, in turn, has the potential to initiate institutional change to enhance dynamic sustainability.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 26-32.

SDG 5 - gender equality - has the potential to enhance food security through its attention to women's access to land and natural resources. However, it fails to address women's limited access to irrigation, credit and other inputs. As such, this paper calls for goal 5 to be expanded through synergies with other SDGs.