The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study

Elsevier, Health and Place, Volume 31, January 01, 2015
O'Campo P., Wheaton B., Nisenbaum R., Glazier R.H., Dunn J.R., Chambers C.
Many cross-sectional studies of neighbourhood effects on health do not employ strong study design elements. The Neighbourhood Effects on Health and Well-being (NEHW) study, a random sample of 2412 English-speaking Toronto residents (age 25-64), utilises strong design features for sampling neighbourhoods and individuals, characterising neighbourhoods using a variety of data sources, measuring a wide range of health outcomes, and for analysing cross-level interactions. We describe here methodological issues that shaped the design and analysis features of the NEHW study to ensure that, while a cross-sectional sample, it will advance the quality of evidence emerging from observational studies.