Nursing interventions in children living under armed conflict situations and quality of life: a scoping review

Elsevier, Journal of Pediatric Nursing, Volume 58, 1 May 2021
Avendano-Vasquez C.J., Reina-Gamba N.C., Daza-Castillo L.A., Quarantini L.
Problem: Today, one in four children in the world lives in an area of conflict or disaster, and more than 30 million have been displaced, enslaved or trafficked, abused, and exploited. However, there is little recognition of nursing interventions in this context and their impact on the quality of life. Eligibility Criteria: Studies that (1) Described nursing interventions in children under situations of armed conflict. (2) Identified the impact of the interventions in the Quality of Life. (3) identify research trends in the field by nursing professionals. (4) Summarized concepts associated and nursing interventions proposed in armed conflict to address this problem. Sample: From June to November 2019, electronic databases such as Embase, MEDLINE, LILACS, BIREME library, CINAHL, and ProQuest were accessed. Eleven papers were included in the review. Results: The studies described the positive effects of nursing interventions on mental health and mortality. No studies were found reporting the impact of the interventions on quality of life. The topics of significant research in nursing focus on mental health. Care practices based on leadership, health management, advocacy, and intermediation in public policies should be a matter of interest for nurses. Conclusions: Future research is required to generate a comprehensive and accurate understanding of the nursing interventions in children under armed conflict situations. Implications: Recognizing the applied interventions and proposing a frame of reference justifies present and future research to children's attention under armed conflict situations.