Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021,
A growing scientific evidence reaffirms that slow onset climate events such as desertification, sea level rise and loss of biodiversity will place an increasing number of people at risk of poverty and social marginalization. Establishing national social protection systems aligned with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement could be a key policy approach to address increasing risks from long-term changes to the climate system. Through a review of conceptual and empirical literature, this study explores the potential for social protection to address slow onset events by looking into the multiple dimensions of vulnerability and resilience. The paper further derives recommendations on how this potential can be translated into strategic policy agendas and discusses options for financing such interventions in developing countries.