Translation and reliability of the caregiver quality of life index-cancer (CQOLC) Scale in Hindi and it's association with the Kessler psychological distress scale (K10) for cancer caregivers at a tertiary radiotherapy centre in India

Elsevier, Cancer Treatment and Research Communications, Volume 32, January 2022
Rakesh A., Singh P., Shankar A., Yadav R., Mandal A., Verma M. et al.

With increasing incidence of cancer worldwide and increasing burden of treatment over the patients with cancer, the caregivers of those patients with cancer also suffer from psychological distress which ultimately affects their Quality of Life (QOL). This aspect is often overlooked which may ultimately lead to compromised patient care. Purpose: To translate the Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer (CQOLC) Scale in Hindi and assess its association with Kesslers's psychological distress scale (K-10) for determining the quality of life (QoL) of caregivers of patients with cancer in India. Methods: This is a single institute, hospital based cross sectional study performed from July 2020 to March 2021. Caregiver Quality of Life Index-Cancer (CQOLC) Scale, employing standard ‘forward–backforward’ translation procedure, the English-language version of the questionnaire was translated into Hindi-language by experts and administered to each caregiver. Cronbach's alpha was used for internal consistency. Kesslers's psychological distress scale (K-10) was analysed on interview basis. Results: A total evaluated responders were 264. The hindi versions of the CQOLC was validated by cronbach's alpha method with internal consistency between 0.8 and 0.91. The majority of the caregivers were of the age group 31-40 yrs (42.05%). The male to female ratio was 6.54:1. CQOLC good score(0-45) was obtained in 27.27%, fair(46-90) in 55.30% and poor(91-140) in 17.42%. For K-10 distress scale very mild(10-19), mild(20-24), moderate(25-29) and severe(30-50) was observed in 47.73%, 11.74%, 11.74% and 28.79% respectively. A strong relation was found between the caregivers with poor CQOLC score and severe K-10 score(p<0.001). Conclusion: The Hindi version of CQOLC was accepted and its correlation with the point psychological distress predictor (K-10) scale was a valuable method to identify caregivers with poor QOL and severe distress levels.