Concerns have been mounting regarding the underdiagnosis of HIV among respiratory co-infections associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. The delay in recognizing HIV/AIDS may be attributed to the similarities in clinical, laboratory (lymphopenia) and imaging presentations, which are typical for advanced AIDS but could also be indicative of a COVID-19 infection. Herein, we present a case of a 38-year-old ultraorthodox Jew with a late diagnosis of AIDS in the context of COVID-19 infection. This occurred after several months of recurrent respiratory infections compounded by SARS-COV 2 infection, during which no HIV testing was conducted. As a result, a cascade of various opportunistic infections ensued, leading to an extended hospitalization period, ultimately culminating in the patient's demise despite receiving optimal treatment.
Heliyon, Volume 9, September 2023,