Global Warming

Global warming represents a significant threat to the achievement of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Developed to guide humanity towards a more equitable and sustainable future by 2030, the SDGs address various facets of societal well-being, including poverty reduction, health, education, clean water and sanitation, and affordable and clean energy. Global warming, the long-term heating of Earth's climate system due to human activities, primarily fossil fuel burning and deforestation, could hinder progress towards these goals. SDG 13 specifically calls for urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts, embodying the intertwined nature of global warming and sustainable development. Unmitigated global warming exacerbates socioeconomic inequalities, further jeopardizing SDG 1 (no poverty) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities). It directly impacts SDG 2 (zero hunger) and SDG 3 (good health and well-being) by affecting agricultural productivity and enhancing the conditions for disease transmission. Global warming also threatens biodiversity, thus affecting SDG 15 (life on land) and SDG 14 (life below water). Moreover, it has profound implications for SDG 6 (clean water and sanitation) by changing precipitation patterns and intensifying droughts. The increase in climate-induced disasters affects SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities), while also placing strain on SDG 16 (peace, justice, and strong institutions). In this context, understanding the relationship between global warming and the SDGs is crucial. Climate action can be a powerful lever of sustainable development, promoting synergies among the SDGs. Sustainable solutions, such as renewable energy (SDG 7) and sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12), can mitigate global warming while simultaneously promoting socioeconomic development. Therefore, to achieve the SDGs, we must act urgently to mitigate and adapt to global warming.


Trevor M. Letcher, 1 - Global warming—a complex situation, Editor(s): Trevor M. Letcher, Climate Change (Third Edition), Elsevier, 2021, Pages 3-17

This book chapter advances SDGs 13 and 15 by examining how pollution and greenhouse gases contribute to global warming, as well as addressing the social and ethical impacts of climate change.

Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology, Volume 2,2021,100008,

Limiting climate change requires effective policy solutions. In democratic societies, voting for candidates who support climate policy solutions is arguably the most important action citizens can take. Therefore, understanding the dynamics of global warming as a voting issue is crucial for building public and political will for climate solutions.

Biodiversity of Pantepui, The Pristine “Lost World” of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands, 2019, Pages 403-417

This book chapter addresses goals 15, 13, and 12 by discussing conservation efforts to protect pristine and untouched land in the Pantepui area.

Biodiversity of Pantepui: The Pristine “Lost World” of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands, 2019, Pages 403-417

This book chapter addresses goals 13 and 15 by summarising studies carried out to date aimed at estimating the potential impact of the projected global warming by the end of this century on the Pantepui biota, particularly on vascular plants.

What is the best strategy to encourage research and development on new energy technologies in a market economy? What steps can ensure a rapid and efficient transition to an economy that has much lower net carbon emissions? This paper shows that, under limited conditions, a necessary and sufficient condition for an appropriate innovational environment is a universal, credible, and durable price on carbon emissions.