Global Health

Global health is a multifaceted concept that extends beyond the mere absence of disease, encompassing a comprehensive view of well-being for all, irrespective of geographical, economic, or social boundaries. Over the years, the global community has recognized the intrinsic link between health and development. In this context, the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) introduced in 2015, present a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity for all. Among the 17 SDGs, Goal 3 explicitly targets "Good Health and Well-being," focusing on reducing global maternal mortality, ending epidemics of infectious diseases, decreasing non-communicable diseases and promoting mental health, to name a few. However, the relationship between global health and SDGs isn’t limited to Goal 3 alone.

The holistic nature of the SDGs highlights that health is interwoven with other global challenges and solutions. For instance, Goal 1 aims to eradicate poverty, which is intrinsically linked to health. Poverty can lead to malnutrition, lack of access to clean water and sanitation, limited healthcare access, and vulnerability to diseases. Thus, by addressing poverty, we inadvertently advance global health. Similarly, Goal 2's objective to eliminate hunger and promote sustainable agriculture directly impacts nutritional health. Proper nutrition is foundational for robust health, preventing many diseases and ensuring development across life stages.

The linkage extends to environmental goals as well. Goals 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), and 13 (Climate Action) all have direct or indirect implications on health. Polluted water sources can cause infectious diseases; fossil fuel reliance can lead to respiratory ailments; unsustainable cities can result in poor mental health and non-communicable diseases due to pollution and sedentary lifestyles; and the larger challenge of climate change has direct repercussions on global health from altering patterns of infectious diseases to exacerbating health issues related to extreme weather events.

Moreover, the SDGs emphasize inclusivity and equity, values inherently crucial for global health. Goals like 4 (Quality Education), 5 (Gender Equality), and 10 (Reduced Inequalities) indirectly bolster health outcomes by addressing social determinants. Educated populations often have better health outcomes, understanding disease prevention and accessing health services more efficiently. Empowered women can make informed health choices for themselves and their families. By reducing inequalities, we ensure that health resources, advancements, and services are accessible to all, regardless of their social or economic status.

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The New Public Health (Fourth Edition), 2023, Pages 1097-1158

This chapter advances the UN SDG Goal 3: Good Health and Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities. It examines the globalization of health as there is increase focus on the international transfer of diseases and the imperative of cooperating to combat inequity under societal conditions that create the spread of diseases and their effects on individual nations and the global community.
This podcast, relating to SDG 3, Health and Wellbeing, is part of the Elsevier celebration of the World Health Organization’s World Health Day whose aim is to promote health, keep the world safe and serve the vulnerable – so everyone, everywhere can attain the highest level of health and well-being. April 7th 2023 marks the WHO’s 75th anniversary of World Health Day, with a focus of improving public health for all.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Global Health, Volume 9, October 2021

This Viewpoint supports SDGs 3 and 10 by discussing how common practices in academic global health are peppered with epistemic wrongs that lead to or exacerbate epistemic injustice; for example, members of the global heath community often witness a cycle in which researchers assume that locals in marginalised areas and members of marginalised groups do not have the capacity to contribute to research, and thereby bypass such people's participation.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Global Health, Volume 9, Issue 4, April 2021, Pages e489–e551

This Lancet Global Health Commission advances addresses SDG 3 directly, and SDGs 1, 2, 4, 5, 8 and 10 indirectly, by comprehensively demonstrating how improving eye health by treating and preventing vision impairment and vision loss can not only advance SDG 3—improving health and wellbeing for all—but also contribute to poverty reduction, zero hunger, quality education, gender equality, and decent work and economic growth. The findings of this report frame eye health as a development issue and highlight that, with a growing ageing population globally, urgent and concerted action is needed to meet unmet eye health needs globally, including incorporating equitable eye care into countries’ universal health coverage plans.
This chapter advances SDG 3 by exploring the current state of design as applied to global health, models of how it is carried out, and some of the questions that arise for practitioners.
Global mental health, neuroethics, and disability have become three intertwined disciplines/fields. Mental disorders are a major contributor to global burden of disease. Advances in neuroscience-technology expand our vision of the relationship between brain, mind and environment.This chapter addresses the SDG 3 by exploring the challenges and hopes in this area.