Global

Stop corruption
Substantially reducing corruption and bribery in all forms is a target of goal 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions). This blog reviews the rise of anti-foreign bribery legislation in the 20 years since the OECD's Anti-Bribery Convention was signed by 43 states and countries.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 8, 2017

An investigation of how the development of materials which can be formed, degraded and reformed into new materials can contribute to fulfill the expectations of eco-minded tourists who prefer hotels engaged in activities for protecting natural resources and working against waste accumulation, related to SDGs 9 and 12.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 8, 2017

From waste to wealth using green chemistry: The way to long term stability
This paper provides an overview on societal challenges and opportunities associated with waste valorization strategies, contributing to SDG 12. Moving away from the linear economy model, waste becomes a resource rather than a burden for the society. Focusing on two specific waste streams – namely plastics and food supply chain wastes – it explores a circular economy model. Bearing in mind that waste is a resource, initiatives all over the world should not only target minimizing or totally stopping land-filling but also reducing existing land-fills through landfill mining. In accordance with SDG 17, Clark suggests a three-way partnership between industry, government and the public – where each actor plays a specific role in promoting new technologies, developing supportive regulations and embracing a new consumption attitude towards waste.
Venus and Alexandri present a model to bridge the organic waste sector and the chemical production sector to develop bio-based platform chemicals, showing connectedness of SDGs 9,11 and 12. Starting with an overview of some of the potential feedstock routes to bio-based platform chemicals, the authors provide an overview of the opportunities, value, production routes, and examples of companies producing these platform chemistries. They conclude with a number of technical and institutional challenges to bio-based platform chemical production as well as potential opportunities moving forward.
This article outlines a new chemical design strategy focused on Eastman Chemical’s development of a novel, green chemistry based solvent called Omnia. Innovating with intent aptly describes the interdisciplinary process Eastman took in developing and commercializing Omnia, from the early engagement of chemists and toxicologists to identify safe molecules, to the pilot testing for performance with a small scale formulator, to making the economic, performance, and sustainability case internally and externally. Perkins also notes some of the challenges of developing and commercializing a novel solvent and the critical need for early supply chain engagement given the high cost, time, and risk associated with bringing safer ingredients to market exploring issues related to SDGs 9 and 12.
How to feed a population of 9bn in 2050? This was the question posed which provided the impetus for Elsevier to launch the bi-annual International Conference on Global Food Security Conference in 2013. Now in its 3rd year this highly regarded, research-led conference is focusing on five core conference themes to reflect an integrated approach to identifying solutions to the complex global challenge of food security: 1. Food creation 2. Food safety and bio security 3. Food loss and waste 4. Food in a changing society 5. Food utilization. Achieving global food security whilst reconciling demands on the environment is the greatest challenge faced by mankind. This directly supports SDG 2: to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 11-18

This article describes that by removing the organic solvents from the synthesis it is possible to reduce in about two orders of magnitude the emissions of CO2 in the production of the MOF material and also a reduction of one order of magnitude in the freshwater toxicity and resource depletion. The authors believe that this type of study can serve as an initial screen tool to assess the environmental performance of novel materials. Moreover, it can be used for establishing the necessity of recycling a given solvent or to find an alternative solvent that significantly reduces the environmental impact of novel materials.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 1-10

Production wells in oil and gas industries are continually exposed to highly corrosive environments during stimulation treatments such as acidization. Acid treatment is used to increase rock permeability. However, these acids can be corrosive and the corrosive inhibitors that are added are environmentally damaging. This paper explores the research into corrosion inhibitors that are environmentally friendly, contributing to SDG 13.
The authors investigated the versatile use of droplet coagulation to recycle complex waste resources (fly ash FA, rice husk ash RHA and alum sludge AS). Monodisperse microspheres were shaped, creating higher impact on the applicability of the waste resources. Once a fluid suspension was obtained of the different powders, shaping could be performed without any impact of the powder characteristics. The aim of this research is to study the generic use of droplet coagulation on waste resources with variety in origin, composition and morphology and contribute to knowledge on sustainable materials, advancing SDG 11.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security, Volume 15, December 2017, Pages 94-107

Contributing to SDG 1 and SDG 2, this paper shows that despite progress in reducing extreme poverty, little progress has been made in reducing the number of people living on between $1.25 and $2 a day and it provides updated estimates of rural and urban poverty for regions throughout the developing world. Social protection programmes are a key way for governments to support the poor. Secondly, agricultural input subsidies are a key government tool for boosting agricultural production, especially that of smallholder farmers. This paper is one of the first to examine both social protection and agricultural input subsidies in alleviating poverty.

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