The Lancet, Volume 383, 2014,
A new Global Investment Framework for Women's and Children's Health demonstrates how investment in women's and children's health will secure high health, social, and economic returns. We costed health systems strengthening and six investment packages for: maternal and newborn health, child health, immunisation, family planning, HIV/AIDS, and malaria. Nutrition is a cross-cutting theme. We then used simulation modelling to estimate the health and socioeconomic returns of these investments. Increasing health expenditure by just $5 per person per year up to 2035 in 74 high-burden countries could yield up to nine times that value in economic and social benefits. These returns include greater gross domestic product (GDP) growth through improved productivity, and prevention of the needless deaths of 147 million children, 32 million stillbirths, and 5 million women by 2035. These gains could be achieved by an additional investment of $30 billion per year, equivalent to a 2% increase above current spending.
Abortion; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome; Antibiotic Agent; Article; BCG Vaccine; Breast Feeding; Caloric Intake; Child; Child Death; Child Health; Child Mortality; Child Nutrition; Child Welfare; Child, Preschool; Childhood Mortality; Conceptual Framework; Corticosteroid; Cost Benefit Analysis; Cotrimoxazole; Developing Countries; Diarrhea; Diet Supplementation; Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus Vaccine; Dysentery; Eclampsia; Economic Development; Ectopic Pregnancy; Evidence Based Practice; Family Planning; Female; Gross National Product; Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Vaccine; Health; Health Care; Health Care Cost; Health Care Delivery; Health Care Quality; Health Care System; Health Policy; Health Services Accessibility; Human; Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection; Humans; Immunization; Infant; Infant Mortality; Infant, Newborn; Intrauterine Growth Retardation; Investment; Investments; Kangaroo Care; Labor; Labor Induction; Labor Management; Magnesium Sulfate; Malaria; Male; Maternal Care; Maternal Mortality; Maternal Nutrition; Maternal Welfare; Measles; Measles Vaccine; Meningitis Vaccine; Newborn Care; Nutrition; Oral Rehydration Therapy; Patient Counseling; Pneumococcus Vaccine; Pneumonia; Poliomyelitis Vaccine; Preeclampsia; Pregnancy Diabetes Mellitus; Pregnant Woman; Premature Fetus Membrane Rupture; Priority Journal; Productivity; Reproductive Health; Resuscitation; Retinol; Review; Rotavirus Vaccine; Simulation; Social Evolution; Socioeconomics; Stillbirth; Syphilis; Tetanus Toxoid; Trace Element; Vertical Transmission; Women's Health; World Health; Zinc; Global