Assessing the inclusion of health in national climate commitments: Towards accountability for planetary health

Health consideration scores of nationally determined contributions. A maximum of 15 points can be achieved.
Jessica Beagley BA, Kim Robin van Daalen MPhil, Blanca Paniello Castillo BSc, Laura Jung MD, MSc, Arthur Wyns MSc, Juliette Claudine Mattijsen BSc, Iris Martine Blom MD, MSc, MMSc, Omnia El Omrani MB BCh, Jeni Miller PhD

Floods, heatwaves, wildfires, cyclones; every corner of the planet has been affected by extreme weather events this year, often with devastating and deadly consequences. For climate scientists, this comes as no surprise. In August 2021, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the first part of its sixth report, on the physical science of climate change, stating that “it is unequivocal that human influence has warmed the atmosphere, ocean and land” [1]. The report reiterated facts presented repeatedly in recent decades, and was declared by United Nations (UN) Secretary General António Guterres to signal “code red for humanity”.