Indigenous waste plant materials: An easy and cost-effective approach for the removal of heavy metals from water

Figure showing the stepwise procedure for the preparation of bi-sorbents and removal of heavy metals from water.
Elsevier, Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 3, June 2020
Arshad N., Imran S.

The waste plant materials, including neem wood, eucalyptus, pine cone wood, almond shell, walnut shell and sawdust, were used as biosorbents to remove heavy metals from the water. The % removal efficiency of each biosorbent for copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), chromium (Cr) and arsenic (As) was estimated at various pH and for different contact hours by using atomic absorption spectrometer. All biosorbents have shown poor efficiencies for arsenic removal, while their % removal efficiencies towards other metals were found appropriate at near drinking water pH (7.5) and at a contact time of 3 ​h. Among all biosorbents, pine cone, eucalyptus and neem wood have shown comparatively more significant removal of Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb and Cr. The overall % removal efficiencies were found greater with pine cone wood and the value reached to 99% for Cu removal. For arsenic removal, the sawdust was modified by chemical treatment and significant removal up to 80% was found.