Integrated molecular and affiliation network analysis: Core-periphery social clustering is associated with HIV transmission patterns

Elsevier, Social Networks, Volume 68, January 2022
Fujimoto K., Paraskevis D., Kuo J.C., Hallmark C.J., Zhao J., Hochi A. et al.

This study investigates the two-mode core-periphery structures of venue affiliation networks of younger Black men who have sex with men (YBMSM). The study examined the association between these structures and HIV phylogenetic clusters, defined as members who share highly similar HIV strains that are regarded as a proxy for sexual affiliation networks. Using data from 114 YBMSM who are living with HIV in two large U.S. cities, our findings indicate that HIV phylogenetic clustering patterns were found to be associated with social clustering patterns whose members share affiliation with core venues that overlap with those of YBMSM. Distinct HIV transmission patterns were found in each city, a finding that can help to inform tailored venue-based and network intervention strategies.