Elsevier, Energy and Buildings, Volume 103, 15 September 2015
It is well known that there is a need to develop technologies to achieve thermal comfort in buildings lowering the cooling and heating demand. Research has shown that thermal energy storage (TES) is a way to do so, but also other purposes can be pursued when using TES in buildings, such as peak shaving or increase of energy efficiency in HVAC systems. This paper reviews TES in buildings using sensible, latent heat and thermochemical energy storage. Sustainable heating and cooling with TES in buildings can be achieved through passive systems in building envelopes, Phase Change Materials (PCM) in active systems, sorption systems, and seasonal storage.
Active; Buildings; Climate Control; Cooling Systems; Energy Efficiency; Energy Storage; Heat Storage; Heating And Cooling; Latent Heat; Latent Heat Storage; Passive; Passive Systems; Phase Change Materials; Seasonal Storage; Sensible Heat Storage; Sensible Heat Storages; Sorption System; Storage (materials); Thermal Energy; Thermal Energy Storage (TES); Thermochemical Energy Storage; Global