Sustainable cities and human settlements

The United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 11 aims to "Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable." This goal acknowledges the growing importance of urban areas, as it's projected that by 2050, nearly 70% of the world's population will live in cities. Consequently, cities bear significant implications for sustainability, economic growth, and societal wellbeing.

Inclusivity is a key feature of sustainable cities. This refers to equitable access to opportunities, public services, and amenities, regardless of a person's background or circumstances. It implies the availability of affordable and adequate housing, thus addressing issues of homelessness and substandard living conditions.

Safety in cities means ensuring urban environments that protect their inhabitants from both physical harm and psychological distress. This involves addressing crime rates, traffic accidents, and potential hazards from poor infrastructure, while also considering the impacts of noise, pollution, and overcrowdedness on mental health.

Resilience is another important aspect, particularly in the face of climate change. Resilient cities can withstand and quickly recover from shocks such as natural disasters or economic crises. This involves aspects such as resilient infrastructure, disaster risk reduction strategies, and adaptive capacities at the community level.

Sustainability, finally, requires cities to function in a way that doesn't compromise future generations' ability to meet their own needs. This includes sustainable urban planning to reduce environmental impact, promote energy efficiency, and conserve resources. It also considers the importance of green spaces for biodiversity and the wellbeing of urban residents.

SDG 11 is interconnected with many other SDGs. For example, sustainable urban transport systems contribute to SDG 13 (Climate Action) by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Meanwhile, ensuring access to green and public spaces supports SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being).

Achieving sustainable cities and human settlements requires cooperation and participation from various stakeholders, including government authorities, urban planners, businesses, and citizens. Through their collective efforts, cities can be transformed into hubs of sustainability, resilience, and inclusivity, contributing significantly towards the realization of the SDGs.

Pakistan's water resources experiencing mounting pressure. UN SDG 6 provides a roadmap for achieving sustainable water management. Long-term planning and community engagement are key to success. Policy recommendations include efficient pricing and climate change integration.
The study underscores the importance of understanding VOC emissions from flame retardant industrial parks to address potential carcinogenic risks and formulate effective reduction strategies, contributing to both Sustainable Development Goal 3 (Good Health and Well-being) and SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities).
This article aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities. The research focuses on transitioning the construction industry towards sustainable practices by utilizing local biological materials and developing a construction method for tension-compression anticlastic shellular structures. The use of a fully biodegradable material system and an earthen construction workflow helps minimize the environmental footprint in the built environment. This article aligns with Sustainable Development Goal 3: Good Health and Well-being. The use of polymer-functionalized plant leaf scaffolds as a novel human cell culture platform for tissue engineering applications, specifically for promoting the alignment and elongation of muscle cells, contributes to advancements in healthcare and the development of functional skeletal muscle tissue.
Elsevier,

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, Third Edition, 2024, pp 52-63

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 15 by reviewing the major impacts people have on urban biodiversity at household, neighborhood, city, and global scales.
This article supports SDGs 9 and 11 by exploring the technological aspects of the Internet of Things, emphasizing blueprints, complexity, challenges, and future directions to improve performance, network security, and stability.
This article supports SDG 11 by discussing Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) which may offer an unparalleled approach to combining sustainability and resilience while preserving ecosystems.
Elsevier,

Biodiversity and Bioeconomy: Status Quo, Challenges, and Opportunities, 2024, pp 81-110

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 13, 14, and 15 by reviewing the role of biodiversity in sustainable development and the UN Sustainable Development Goals.
This Article supports SDGs 3 and 13 by providing assessments and knowledge gaps along Ghana’s coast on the aspects of SLR, subsidence and coastal vulnerability.

World Habitat Day 2024

Elsevier,

Managing Urban Rivers: From Planning to Practice, 2024, pp 109-130

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 15 by reviewing how intentional and sustainable urban design can promote urban diversity and preserve regional biodiversity in the face of increasing urbanization and industrial development.

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