Elsevier, Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, Volume 23, 1 August 2016
Young gay and bisexual men are at increased risk for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Research suggests that the stress associated with being a stigmatized minority is related to negative mental health outcomes, substance use, and condomless sex. However, interventions aimed at reducing HIV risk behaviors in young gay and bisexual men have failed to address these important variables. The purpose of the present paper is to assist cognitive and behavioral therapists who work with young gay and bisexual men to conduct therapy for stress management and HIV prevention. This paper provides an overview of the research on stress and coping among gay and bisexual men and its relation with condomless sex among young gay and bisexual men. The treatment described here integrates minority stress theory (e.g., Meyer, 2003) and stress and coping theory (e.g., Lazarus, 2000) in a small group counseling framework that uses psychoeducation, cognitive reframing, and role plays to help young gay and bisexual men to manage stress, reduce substance use, and reduce condomless sex. The application of empirically supported theory and a combination of cognitive and behavioral techniques to reduce both psychological distress and HIV risk behavior for young gay and bisexual men is illustrated using three case examples. The present treatment may help therapists working with young HIV-negative gay and bisexual men who engage in condomless sex and who wish to remain HIV-negative by decreasing their HIV risk behavior.
Adult; Anal Intercourse; Article; Behavior Theory; Bisexual Male; Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management; Cognitive Reframing; Condom Use; Coping; Coping Behavior; Counseling; Distress Syndrome; Follow Up; Gay Men; HIV/AIDS; High Risk Behavior; Homosexual Male; Human; Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection; Infection Prevention; Male; Minority Stress Theory; Priority Journal; Psychoeducation; Risk Reduction; Role Playing; Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale; Sexual Behavior; Sexual Health; Sexual Transmission; Stress; Stress And Coping Theory; Substance Use; UCLA Loneliness Scale; Unprotected Sex; Young Adult; Young Adults; North America