The Lancet Regional Health - Western Pacific, Volume 16, November 2021,
Background: To discuss a range of strategic options for China to improve the accessibility of direct antiviral agents (DAAs) as the treatment for hepatitis C. Methods: We adopted a narrative review approach for comprehensive comparisons and in-depth analyses of the country context, and barriers of increasing the DAA treatment rate of hepatitis C in Malaysia and China, and how the two countries have been navigating the hepatitis C agenda. Findings: Malaysia adopted a series of successful strategies to scale up the diagnosis of hepatitis C and DAA treatment, which have valuable implications for China. Interpretation: The potential game-changing strategies for China to adapt from Malaysian experiences range from the stepping-up of political commitment and leadership, enhanced market competition, simplified and decentralized treatment at the strengthened primary care level, integrated healthcare services, coordinated government initiatives, to multi-organizational participation and civil society's active role in raising public awareness, and training of non-specialist physicians. Embarking on scale-up of hepatitis C treatment marks another contribution of China to improve the health of not only the Chinese citizens but also mankind, which is an important component for building healthy Chinese and global communities. Funding: No funding supported this study.