Building and Environment will host a series of free webinars on COVID-19 Control. The third webinar of the series will feature 2 presentations from experts in the field on the following topics: Continuum of airborne transmission of respiratory infection, and implication to ventilation requirements, presented by Prof. Yuguo Li, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China. The second presentation will be on the Occupational exposure risk of healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, presented by Prof. Li Liu, Department of Building Science, Tsinghua University, China.
Earth Day is widely recognised as the largest secular observance in the world, marked by more than a billion people every year as a day of action to change human behaviour and provoke policy changes. This day recognises and celebrates the Earth and its ecosystems as our home and highlights the need to protect earth to enhance people’s livelihoods, counteract climate change, and stop the collapse of biodiversity. To raise awareness of Earth Day 2021, Elsevier presents a curated list of free access journal articles and book chapters in support of this year's theme - Restore our Earth.
April 7th of each year marks the celebration of World Health Day. From its inception at the First Health Assembly in 1948 and since taking effect in 1950, the celebration has aimed to create awareness of a specific health theme to highlight a priority area of concern for the World Health Organization. To raise awareness of this year's theme - building a fairer, healthier world for everyone - Elsevier presents a curated list of free access journal articles and book chapters.
Solar photovoltaics (PV) is an energy technology that is already contributing substantially to CO2 emissions mitigation. Here, the authors analyse the factors that lie behind the huge cost reductions of solar PV and identify innovations in the pipeline that could contribute to maintaining a high learning rate. Moreover, this work shows how widespread Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) - which are used to model decarbonization pathways compatible with the Paris Agreement – need to evolve to better reflect the role of solar PV in future low-carbon energy scenarios. This closely relates to SDG 7 and 13.
The purpose of this article is to provide a high-yield background of foundational health equity and disparity concepts for radiology trainees, from which additional educational curricula may be derived. Specifically, this article will discuss the fundamental socioeconomic factors known to contribute to discrepant access and use of imaging services, followed by areas in radiology with well-documented disparities of which trainees should be aware.
On March 21, The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on the day the police in Sharpeville, South Africa, opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration against apartheid "pass laws" in 1960. This year’s 2021 theme is “Youth standing up against racism”. It engages the public through #FightRacism, which aims to foster a global culture of tolerance, equality and anti-discrimination and calls on each and every one of us to stand up against racial prejudice and intolerant attitudes. To engage, highlight, and raise awareness on racial discrimination, Elsevier presents a curated list of free access journal articles and book chapters. At Elsevier, we will #Standup4humanrights and send the message that racism is unacceptable everywhere.
Cellulose-based solutions can improve environmental performance of food packaging. Food products require specific barrier functions from cellulose-based packaging. Eco-design enables quantifying environmental performance and identifying trade-offs. Fulfilling the barrier requirements for food product packaging is crucial.
Building and Environment will host a series of free webinars on COVID-19 Control, with the first webinar featuring 2 presentations from experts in the field: 1. Risk of Airborne COVID-19 Virus Transmissions in Airliner Cabins, presented by Qingyan “Yan” Chen, James G. Dwyer Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, USA 2. Mitigating COVID-19 at Public Spaces, presented by John Zhai, Professor of Architectural Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder and Keith Trace, Senior Director, Global Operations Services, Engineering and Facilities Management, Marriott International
This chapter advances SDG 6, 12, and 13 by explaining the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) and GRACE Follow On (GRACE-FO) missions that have greatly benefitted the modeling and monitoring of groundwater storage changes and drought at the global scale. In this chapter, we first review environmental controls on the temporal variability of groundwater using in situ data. We then describe an approach that infuses GRACE and GRACE-FO observations into a land surface model for assessing groundwater storage changes and drought globally.
This chapter advances SDG 6, 12, and 13 by examining the emergence of water sustainability aspects in recent virtual water trade (VWT) literature, highlights the recent advances and remaining issues in evaluating the water sustainability of agriculture globally, and makes recommendations for future scientific research and societal change: consider groundwater both at the local scale and at the global scale; improve our understanding of groundwater storage and dynamics with new models and data; and raise the profile of groundwater sustainability in governance frameworks to eventually end environmental damages of groundwater exploitation.