In this chapter battery design and function for CO2 reduction are discussed. In general, this chapter focuses on electrified passenger cars, but the ideas can be readily applied to other disciplines. Since the original publication of this chapter in 2014, the electrification of light-duty transportation has grown significantly. The chapter begins with a discussion of vehicle drive cycles and analyzes the opportunities for CO2 reduction in those drive cycles. This analysis then leads to a discussion of battery requirements for several different CO2 reduction methods. This includes stop-start, hybridization and plug-in energy displacement. This leads to a discussion of the three common battery technologies in vehicle use today - lead acid, nickel metal hydride and lithium-ion. The characteristics of these chemistries are discussed as well as their attributes relative to the CO2 reduction methods. Finally, a discussion of cost is provided for all three chemistries.
Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicle Technologies for Improved Environmental Performance, Second Edition, 2022, pp 571-611,