The Zero Waste Certification (ZWC) process is to check how efficiently organizations can carry out the reduction of nonhazardous waste and try to recycle. It is a long process that involves focusing both upstream processes and policies by implementing zero waste practices in the industries. Governments frequently set industry waste management goals and occasionally even provide incentives. Most governments even implement waste management projects at a local level, utilizing shared regional-level facilities. To achieve the goal of zero waste, manufacturing companies and product designers should focus on producing products that can be easily broken down for recycling, can be reused industrially in the production of another product, or can be naturally broken down by the surrounding environment (biodegradable). ZWC demonstrates ability of the facility being used for waste management or recycle. Each facility’s goal is to divert all solid, nonhazardous waste from the landfill, incineration, and environment. Earning this certification leads to market value, instrument sustainability, pollution control, and others. Certification is available for any physical facility and their operations, for example, businesses, schools, and government agencies. ZWC is a global phenomenon, and hence, countries around the globe have their criteria of certification.
Concepts of Advanced Zero Waste Tools, Present and Emerging Waste Management Practices, 2021, Pages 23-43,