Chemicals and waste

The need for improved and safely managed sanitation facilities is acute in dense informal settlements in rapidly urbanizing areas. One of the key factors influencing the cost-effectiveness and reliability of service provision in informal settlements is the ability to optimize waste collection from latrines with variable use patterns that are spatially dispersed within an informal settlement. This study investigates how latrine sensors could be used to estimate waste fill levels and improve servicing efficiency for forty latrines in Nairobi, Kenya, supporting SDGs 3, 6 and 9.
Furthering SDG 7, this paper suggests a new way of preparing n-type Mg3Sb2-based Zintl compounds with high thermoelectric performance. It demonstrates that a large amount of extra Mg is not needed to achieve high ZT as long as Mg vacancies are suppressed and carrier concentration is properly optimized.

Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, Volume 46, Issue 4, July 2019, Pages 409-420.

This paper looks at a number of ways that veterinary anaesthetists can reduce their environmental impact, including by minimizing release of halogenated anaesthetics (which are potent greenhouse gases). This relates to SDGs 12 and 13.
The abundance of residual colors in the effluents discharged from textiles, tanneries, dyeing, food processing and numerous other industries across the globe, currently poses a grave threat to global environmental sustainability. Polymer enhanced ultrafiltration (PEUF) can be a cost effective and energy-efficient membrane separation process in the treatment of wastewater. This article supports SDGs 6, 12 and 14.

Chem, Volume 4, Issue 9, September 2018, Pages 2007-2008.

Contributing to SDG 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure) and environmental SDGs 12, 13, 14 and 15, this piece explores the vast amounts of organic solvents employed in carrying out organic reactions with the chemistry industry and explores alternatives with reduced negative environmental impact.

TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 109, December 2018, Pages 163-172.

Contributing to SDG's 12 (responsible consumption and production) and 15 (life on land), this review explores scientific progress in analytical methods, pollution characteristics and ecological effects of microplastics in soils.

Damia Barcelo and Thomas Knepper, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 30 July 2019

This microplastics special issue compiled by Trends in Analytical Chemistry supports many of the SDGs, namely SDGs 3 (good health and well-being), 9.5 (enhance scientific research), 12 (responsible consumption and production), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land).
This event primarily focusses on SDG 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), exploring the technical and engineering challenges of addressing all 17 Sustainable Development Goals.

TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 114, 2019, Pages 196-201.

This paper critically reviews current scientific knowledge surrounding microplastics in the environment, supporting SDGs 9.5 (enhanced scientific research), 12 (responsible consumption and production), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land).

Joule, Volume 3, Issue 4, 17 April 2019, Pages 1006-1027.

This research develops SDGs 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land). A new recycling process of the common plastic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) could help with the urgent problem of ever-increasing amounts of plastic waste in our oceans and the environment.