Healthcare Strategies and Planning for Social Inclusion and Development, V1 – Chapter 3. Public health, food security, and hunger

Elsevier, Healthcare Strategies and Planning for Social Inclusion and Development, Volume 1: Health for All - Challenges and Opportunities in Healthcare Management, 2022, Pages 57-84
Basanta Kumara Behera, Ram Prasad, Shyambhavee Behera

This chapter explains how world hunger, malnutrition, and extreme poverty act as limiting factors in order to eliminate risk-based health coverage. Hunger has become a chronic challenge for the rural populations living under variable geographic locations and climatic conditions. So, emphasis is given to find out ways and means to resolve the acute shortage of healthy food and nutrition, due to flawed agriculture policies, water security, the effect of climate changes, and violent conflicts. The authors mainly given the emphasis on prevention are primarily responsible for stopping the spread of the epidemic. For example, frequent hand washing, regular bath, and sensitization maintenance are primarily responsible for changing the epidemic into a pandemic form. In this connection, emphasis is given to the rule and protocols for washing hands. Especial instructions are given not to touch, eyes, nose, and mouth without wash hand. In addition, it is explained how touching the surroundings and carpets commonly contaminated by aero drop from contaminated person or patients. It has also been clear how noncommunicable diseases are also responsible for alarming life if timely care is not taken. How inadequate access to health infrastructure, communication gap, deficiency in medicine, and health aides are responsible for health service, timely. This chapter also covers the SDG3 goals responsible for bringing harmony to the health-care system with international collaboration projects.