Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

To mark the 50th Anniversary of World Environment Day on 5 June 2023, Elsevier proudly presents a curated list of publicly available journal articles and book chapters in support of this year's theme “Solutions to Plastics Pollution”. Please share and download.
This study showed that agricultural intensification reduced fungal Shannon diversity and weakened soil multifunctionality, where fungal diversity was the major driver of soil multifunctionality. The Authors suggested that sustaining microbial diversity, especially fungal diversity can reduce the effect of agricultural intensification on soil multifunctionality.

Stanislaw Sieniutycz, Chapter 6 - Biodiversity maintenance in food webs, Editor(s): Stanislaw Sieniutycz, Complexity and Complex Ecological Systems, Elsevier, 2023, Pages 75-97, ISBN 9780443192371

This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on Land by introducing the subject of trophic relationships in coastal and estuarine ecosystems.

Nikolay Manchev Petrov, Mariya Ivanova Stoyanova, Rajarshi Kumar Gaur, Chapter 12 - Biodiversity and characterization of economically important viruses on potato cultivars, Editor(s): Rajarshi Kumar Gaur, Basavaprabhu L. Patil, Ramasamy Selvarajan, Plant RNA Viruses, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 245-270, ISBN 9780323953399

This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on Earth as it discusses the different viruses that can infect potatoes which are a problem for the quality and the quantity of global potato production which can exacerbate any food security issues.
This article ties to SDG 3, Good Health and Well-being. A survey conducted by Proagrica, shows food provenance, organic diets and ethics inform dietary choices. Two-fifths of US consumers have considered going vegetarian or vegan since the pandemic began, 20% of consumers identified health concerns as the primary driver for these choices, nearly three-quarters say they have paid more attention than ever to food provenance, and two-thirds suggest that they are now eating more organic food.
This article supports SDG 15 through its study of the effects of crop rotation on soil microorganisms and concluded that crop rotation could enhance soil microbial biomass and bacterial diversity, and the effect of crop rotation on soil phosphatase and β-glucosidase activity.
A technology that has shown promising potential in supporting food and energy security, as well as supporting water security, is agrivoltaic (AV) systems.
This article supports SDG 15 through its review of ecologically-based farming systems.
Haloxylon ammodendron is a xerohalophytic shrub from deserts of Asia that can survive at very low soil water content. In this study, the authors provided evidence that the transcription factor HaASR2 plays a critical role in plant adaptation to drought and salt stress and, therefore, could represent a promising gene for the improvement of crop in arid environments.

Environmental Advances, Volume 10, December 2022

This article supports SDG's 2, 3 and 12 by considering production steps (cell extraction, cell line establishment, cell culture and scaffolding) and challenges (technology limitations, consumer acceptance & law and legislation) for the development of lLab-based meat, which is more sustainable and safer to consume than conventional meat.