Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

Food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture constitute fundamental elements that contribute significantly to the attainment of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals are a globally shared blueprint that calls for peace and prosperity for all people and the planet. Focusing on food security and nutrition is directly linked to SDG 2 which seeks to "End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture." Beyond SDG 2, these themes also relate to other SDGs such as Goal 3 - Good Health and Well-being, Goal 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production, and Goal 13 - Climate Action. The relationship between sustainable agriculture and these goals is profound; by promoting eco-friendly farming methods, we reduce the environmental footprint, mitigate climate change, and ensure the long-term sustainability of food production systems.

Moreover, sustainable agriculture is vital in fostering biodiversity, improving soil health, and enhancing water use efficiency, which are critical aspects related to Goals 14 and 15 - Life below Water and Life on Land respectively. By safeguarding our ecosystems, we not only ensure food security but also the preservation of the natural environment for future generations. In turn, better nutrition is a conduit to improved health (SDG 3), and it can also influence educational outcomes (SDG 4), given the known links between nutrition and cognitive development.

Furthermore, it is worth noting that the interconnections go beyond these goals. There's an important nexus between sustainable agriculture, food security and issues of poverty (SDG 1), gender equality (SDG 5), clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), and economic growth (SDG 8), among others. Sustainable agriculture creates job opportunities, thus reducing poverty levels. By empowering women in agriculture, we can help achieve gender equality. Proper water and sanitation practices in agriculture can prevent contamination, ensuring clean water and sanitation for all. Therefore, the triad of food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture, while being a significant goal in itself, is also a vehicle that drives the achievement of the wider Sustainable Development Goals.

This article provides novel insights for further improvements in tomato quality while also developing water-saving irrigation techniques.
In support of #WorldFoodDay, Elsevier has curated a special collection of free access book and journal content to help raise awareness for water as the foundation for life and food.
This paper supports SDG 15 by showing that mangroves contribute substantially to food security and nutrition of coastal communities in Indonesia, and thus the conservation of mangroves is important not only for carbon storage and biodiversity, but also for the communities living near them.
This study estimates the prevalence and trends of undernutrition in all countries of SEAR using national level data. This is the first study to study indicators of malnutrition at the regional level and estimating the effect of current food policies on future health of children.
The study evaluates the microbial quality of lettuce irrigated with wastewater from the Onyasia River.
The study shows the findings about the vendors with a satisfactory knowledge of food hygiene and safety.
This chapter aligns with Goal 2: Zero Hunger and Goal 12: Responsible Consumption by considering plant-based meat alternatives as a sustainable approach to provide affordable and nutritious meat substitutes in a world with growing human consumption demands.
Elsevier,

Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Volume 38, September 2023

To plan for an uncertain future, life scientists are often required to use the output from climate models to develop recommendations for policy. The authors explain best practice for use of these models, this research supports SDG 2, 13, 14 and 15.
The study investigates the quality of the foods that are served at and their effect on the consumer health
This Health Policy paper supports SDGs 3, 15, and 17, among others, by exploring the potential values and risks of establishing an Intergovernmental Panel for One Health (IPOH), with the aim of contributing to addressing other global challenges, such as food and water safety and environmental degradation in the context of One Health.

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