Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

Nitrate and lipids have been recognized as effective dietary additives to reduce enteric methane (CH4) production. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effects of nitrate and canola oil, alone or in combination, on enteric CH4, volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations, digesta kinetics and outflow of DM and microbial non-ammonia nitrogen (MicNAN) from the rumen of cattle. The article contributes to SDG 13.
Impacts of rearing goats for milk production are analysed and more environmentally-friendly options are suggested to further SDGs 12 and 13.
The #SDGBookClub helps children learn about the Sustainable Development Goals. The book club presents a selection of books for children aged 5-12 on each of the goals. Check out the books that have been selected in support of Goal 2 - Zero Hunger.
This case study uses survey and satellite data to help better protect those working in agriculture in Kenya and Tanzania against drought and climate change, helping to advance SDG 2 and 13.

Antimicrobial Resistance, 2019. 

This article selection displays a sample of research that Elsevier publishes in its microbiology and medical journals, highlighting Elsevier's contribution to the efforts of battling the huge problem of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). Research within this selection supports SDGs 3 (good health and well-being), 6 (clean water and sanitation), 12 (responsible production and consumption) and 17 (partnerships for the goals).

TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 116, July 2019, Pages 346-359.

Focussing on SDG's 3 (good health and well-being), 12 (responsible consumption and production) and 14 (life below water), this review piece identifies limitations in current methodologies and practices used to study microplastics in seafood. Future studies may be improved by harmonising research methods, including sampling, isolation, quantification, polymer identification, and contamination management procedures.
This Special Issue, bringing together articles from Science of the Total Environment; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews; Ecological Modelling, and Resources; Conservation and Recycling, highlights the increasing understanding that major systems servicing human well-being, food, energy and water (FEW) systems are inextricably connected, and any attempt to address one dimension in isolation of the others will lead to unexpected, undesired, and far from optimal consequences. Considering these three systems holistically as the Food-Energy-Water Nexus directly considers Sustainable Development Goals 2 (zero hunger), 6 (clean water and sanitation), 7 (affordable and clean energy), 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), and 12 (responsible consumption and production).

Research Policy, Volume 48, Issue 4, May 2019, Pages 949-967

This paper assesses the extent to which scientific research is related to societal needs, with a focus on rice research and technology between 1983 and 2012. Winner of the Elsevier Atlas Award in October 2019, the paper advances SDG 9.

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2019, Pages 132-138.

This article reflects on the ecological sustainability of insects as food, developing SDG 2 (zero hunger) and SDG 12 (responsible production and consumption). Sustainability of insects for food will be determined by a range of factors including the species reared, the type of feed used and management of waste.

Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Volume 34, Issue 2, February 2019, Pages 154-166.

This research supports SDGs 2 (zero hunger), 15 (life on land) and 17 (partnerships for the goals). Ecological intensification aims to use ecosystem services (e.g. pollination and pest management) to sustain agricultural production while minimising environmental impact. Kleijn et al. discuss the benefits of ecological intensification and ways that scientists can better communicate these to farmers.