Anxiety is an inevitable part of life. Two components of anxiety are inefficiency (the loss of one’s mental alertness) and fear (to imagine that one’s own actions always have a painful consequence). Generalized anxiety disorder and panic are associated with excessive anxiety. Other anxiety disorders include: specific phobias, social phobias, obsessive compulsive disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder. Anxiety is manifested as trait anxiety that is evidenced by physical and/or psychological symptoms, whereas state anxiety is temporary in nature and is usually associated with a stimulus. Depression is an illness that affects the whole body, mood, thoughts, and behavior. The chapter outlines worksheets for seven effective techniques to cope with anxiety: (1) rational emotive therapy essentially challenges or refutes self-talk that contributes to irrational thinking; (2) simplified kundalini yoga is based upon the principles of introspection regarding the degrees to which we worry; (3) gestalt emphasizes the unity of self-awareness, behavior, and experiences; (4) systematic desensitization that involves imagining or experiencing an anxiety-provoking scene while practicing relaxation; (5) cognitive behavioral therapy that emphasizes cognitive restructuring; (6) mindfulness that entails focusing on the present; and (7) optimism that requires focusing on the bright side of things. Important terms are defined along with five websites to explore.
Practical Stress Management (Eighth Edition) A Comprehensive Workbook 2022, Pages 117-137,