Many European countries have accommodated large numbers of refugees, around of a third of whom are aged less than 18 years. Because of the high level of potentially traumatizing experiences before and during migration and often stressful situations after arrival in host countries, refugee minors are a group that is particularly vulnerable to psychiatric impairment. Several European studies showed high impairment of refugees, especially unaccompanied refugee minors, particularly with regard to posttraumatic stress disorder. European countries are faced with increased needs for psychotherapists and psychiatrists in general, but also with culture- and language-sensitive tools for diagnosis, crisis management, and psychotherapy for refugees in particular. Novel approaches such as short skills-training catered to refugees (such as Students and Refugees Together) and the screening tool Providing Online Resource and Trauma Assessment for Refugees are presented in this chapter, along with first evidence regarding psychotherapeutic interventions for child and adolescent refugees.
Understanding Uniqueness and Diversity in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, 2018, Pages 195-222,