Urban Climate Adaptation and Mitigation - Chapter 1: Urbanization in the context of global environmental change

Elsevier, Urban Climate Adaptation and Mitigation, 2023, Pages 1-22
Elkin Vargas López, Mariana Flores-García

About 68% of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050 according to the United Nations. Increasing urbanization is expected to have major implications for climate change. This chapter provides introductory knowledge on the urbanization trends and their implications in the context of global environmental change. In addition, it will highlight major challenges that need to be addressed and the need for disruptive smart solutions.