Lysosomal storage disorders: from biology to the clinic with reference to India

Shows the pathway from Diagnostic pathway through Preliminary screening to Enzyme and Molecular Testing
Elsevier, The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia, Volume 9, 2023, 100108
Jayesh Sheth, Aadhira Nair, Babban Jee

Lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) are a group of seventy different metabolic storage diseases due to accumulation of substrate mainly in the form of carbohydrate, lipids, proteins, and cellular debris. They occur due to variant in different genes that regulate lysosomal enzymes synthesis, transport, and secretion. In recent years, due to an increased availability of various therapies to treat these disorders, and increased diagnostic tools, there has been an escalated awareness of LSDs. Due to heterogeneous population and various social reasons, India is likely to have a high frequency of LSDs. Therefore, to understand the burden of various LSDs, its molecular spectrum, and understanding the phenotype–genotype correlation, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and Department of Health Research (DHR), Government of India had set up a task force in the year 2015. It has resulted in identifying common LSDs, and founder variant for some of the storage disorders and molecular spectrum of various LSDs across the country. This review describes in detail the spectrum of LSDs, its molecular epidemiology and prevention in context to Indian population.