Deep-sea sediment metagenome from Bay of Bengal reveals distinct microbial diversity and functional significance

Elsevier, Genomics, Volume 114, November 2022
Marimuthu J., Rangamaran V.R., Subramanian S.H.S., Balachandran K.R.S., Thenmozhi Kulasekaran N., Vasudevan D. et al.

Bay of Bengal (BoB) has immense significance with respect to ecological diversity and natural resources. Studies on microbial profiling and their functional significance at sediment level of BoB remain poorly represented. Herein, we describe the microbial diversity and metabolic potentials of BOB deep-sea sediment samples by subjecting the metagenomes to Nanopore sequencing. Taxonomic diversity ascertained at various levels revealed that bacteria belonging to phylum Proteobacteria predominantly represented in sediment samples NIOT_S7 and NIOT_S9. A comparative study with 16S datasets from similar ecological sites revealed depth as a crucial factor in determining taxonomic diversity. KEGG annotation indicated that bacterial communities possess sequence reads corresponding to carbon dioxide fixation, sulfur, nitrogen metabolism, but at varying levels. Additionally, gene sequences related to bioremediation of dyes, plastics, hydrocarbon, antibiotic resistance, secondary metabolite synthesis and metal resistance from both the samples as studied indicate BoB to represent a highly diverse environmental niche for further exploration.