Oceans & Seas

COP26 is the 2021 United Nations annual climate change conference. COP stands for Conference of the Parties. Parties are the signatories of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) - a treaty agreed in 1994 which has 197 Parties (196 countries and the EU). The 2021 conference, hosted by the UK, together with our partners Italy, in Glasgow, will be the 26th meeting of the Parties, which is why it's called COP26.

Elsevier,

The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea, Exploration, Observations, Interpretations, 2022, Pages 433-477

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining the significant change in the exploration, study, and understanding of the oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean. The first SCISEX cruise with USS Pargo 1993 indicated that the salinity and temperature in the upper layer of the Eurasian Basin were higher than previously reported, while the upper layer salih upward-looking sonars, and when the newly observed thicknesses were compared with those measured 30 years earlier, they indicated that the mean ice thickness had been reduced by about 40%. Suddenly change rather than constancy became the focus, and observations spread over time, which previously had been used to describe the mean circulation and the mean state, now acquired a time dimension.
Proposal to make aquaculture more sustainable.Sustainable intensification of existing systems for increasing accessibility of aquatic foods, based on scaling of proven but infrequently adopted interventions, could contribute substantially to realizing sustainability goals in aquaculture.
Elsevier,

 

One Earth, Volume 4, Issue 9, 2021, Pages 1278-1285

Research showing dramatic drop in coral reef fisheries.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 30, August 2021

A critical overview of the key challenges specifically related to (micro)plastics as they may undermine the implementation of sustainable strategies and action plans required to achieve the UN SDGs.
Research evaluating mitigation techniques against climate change damage on coastal ecosystems.
The study analyses Vanuata’s legal/policy approaches to climate impacts and the limitations of UNFCCC negotiations have prompted the state to consider climate litigation. Policy solutions suggest that Oceanic people remain actively resistant rather than passive victims of a changing climate.
Elsevier,

Ocean Currents, Physical Drivers in a Changing World, 2021, Pages 497-520

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining how ocean currents further influence climate via freshwater transports that influence dense water formation at high latitudes. Under a warming climate and an intensifying hydrological cycle, ocean currents convey salinity anomalies that could destabilize the circulation.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

As sea level rise drives saltwater farther inland, drinking water supplies of some coastal cities will be contaminated. This paper evaluates how climate change is shifting the location of the zone where coastal fresh water meets the ocean, and implications for drinking water management. In addition to the main SDGs this article is indirectly related to SDG 14 (Life Below Water).
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 50, June 2021

Sea-level rise poses a significant threat to Small Island Developing States (SIDS) due to the concentration of people, assets, and infrastructure in coastal zones. This paper reviews approaches to address sea-level rise as well as limits to adaptation and resultant economic and non-economic loss and damage that may be experienced by SIDS. In addition to the main SDGs this article is indirectly related to SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities), SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and SDG 17 (Partnership for the Goals).

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