Lab-based meat the future food

Elsevier, Environmental Advances, Volume 10, December 2022
Ching X.L., Zainal N.A.A.B., Luang-In V., Ma N.L.

Meat is one of the main dietary protein sources that is important in human health and development. Today, the rapid growth of the world's population has resulted in an increasing demand for meat sources worldwide. With the climate crisis devastating natural and agricultural resources, the Earth's ecosystems may no longer support an expanded traditional meat industry. At the same time, increasing meat production and consumption have raised issues regarding the environment, animal ethics, and human health. In line with the global sustainability trends, lab-based meat has been introduced in the last decade as a meat alternative. The production of lab-based meat required high-throughput technology at a wide scale to develop high-quality meat in the laboratory customized for the livestock agriculture industry, environment, animal welfare and human health. However, the development of laboratory-produced meat is still in its early stages, and it is currently confronted with significant challenges such as technological limitations and consumer acceptance. Therefore, there is no legal recognition of lab-based meat worldwide. Nevertheless, due to the trend for a high market demand for meat analogues, this field of study is expected to contribute to the company portfolio, thus more funding and research are required to ensure its safety and societal requirements.