Pesticide residues evaluation of organic crops. A critical appraisal

Elsevier, Food Chemistry: X, Volume 5, 30 March 2020
Gomez-Ramos M.D.M., Nannou C., Martinez Bueno M.J., Goday A., Murcia-Morales M., Ferrer C. et al.

In the last decade, the consumption trend of organic food has increased dramatically worldwide. Since only a few pesticides are authorized in organic crops, concentrations are expected to range at zero or ultra-trace levels. In this context, the aim of the present study was to investigate the need for an improvement in the residue controls at very low concentrations (<0.010 mg kg−1) and to assess the impact of the scope of the analytical methods for this type of crops. For that purpose, a monitoring study for fruit and vegetable samples covering a wide range of pesticides (3 2 8) at low LOQs (0.002–0.005 mg kg−1) was developed. The results showed that the impact of applying analytical methods with low LOQs was not very relevant in the majority of the cases. However, a wide scope presented a high influence on this evaluation, especially regarding the inclusion of very polar compounds and metabolites.