Racial Disparities in Clinical Outcomes on Investigator-Initiated Breast Cancer Clinical Trials at an Urban Medical Center

Elsevier, Clinical Breast Cancer, Volume , 2022
Aldrich J., Ekpo P., Rupji M., Switchenko J.M., Torres M.A., Kalinsky K. et al.

Background: Black women are 40% more likely to die of breast cancer compared to White women. Inadequate representation of Black patients in clinical trials may contribute to health care inequity. We aimed to assess breast cancer clinical outcomes in Non-Hispanic Black (Black) versus Non-Hispanic White (White) women with metastatic breast cancer (MBC) enrolled on investigator-initiated clinical trials at Winship Cancer Institute at Emory University, given the significant number of patients from underrepresented minority groups seen at Winship. Materials and Methods: Black and White women with MBC on investigator-initiated trials at Emory between 2009 and 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. Univariate analyses and multiple logistic regression models were used to assess clinical response and treatment toxicities. Differences in overall survival between groups was assessed using quantile analysis. Results: Sixty-two women with MBC were included (66% White vs. 34% Black). Black patients had less clinical benefit from the trial therapy as only 57% had partial response or stable disease as best response compared to 78% of White women (P = .09). Quantile analysis showed significant difference in mean survival between Whites and Blacks by the end of follow up (64 vs. 38 months). There were no significant differences in toxicities between groups. Conclusion: Participation rates of Black women with MBC on investigator-initiated clinical trials at an urban cancer center were higher compared to key national trials. Black women had worse treatment response and survival. These results reinforce the need for assessment of tumor differences by ancestry and continued improvement in minority representation on clinical trials.