Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, Volume 41, 1 April 2016,
Sexual aggression and violence against women (VAM) are not only social problems; they are mental health problems. Women who experience sexual trauma often express disruptions in emotional and cognitive processes, some of which lead to depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Animal models of neurogenesis and learning suggest that social yet aggressive interactions between a pubescent female and an adult male can disrupt processes of learning related to maternal care, which in turn reduce survival of new neurons in the female hippocampus. Mental and Physical (MAP) Training is a novel clinical intervention that was translated from neurogenesis research. The intervention, which combines meditation and aerobic exercise, is currently being used to help women learn to recover from traumatic life experiences, especially those related to sexual violence and abuse.
Adult; Aerobic Exercise; Animal; Animals; Article; Brain Nerve Cell; Cell Survival; Coping Behavior; Depression; Exercise; Fear; Female; Hippocampus; Human; Humans; Learning; Life Stress; Maternal Behavior; Maternal Care; Meditation; Memory; Mental And Physical Training; Nervous System Development; Neurobiology; Neurogenesis; Neuropathology; Nonhuman; Pathology; Pathophysiology; Personal Experience; Physiology; Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD); Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Priority Journal; Psychotherapy; Psychotrauma; Puberty; Rumination; Sex Difference; Sex Offenses; Sexual Abuse; Sexual Crime; Sexual Violence; Social Interaction; Stress; Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic; Violence Against Women; Women's Health; Global