Elimination of Violence against Women 2021

Women's rights activists have observed November 25th as a day against gender-based violence since 1981. This date was selected to honour the Mirabal sisters, three political activists from the Dominican Republic who were brutally murdered in 1960 by order of the country’s ruler, Rafael Trujillo (1930-1961). November 25th also marks the beginning of 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence which ends on December 10th, Human Rights Day. This annual campaign is used by individuals and organisations around the world to call for the prevention and elimination of violence against women and girls.

Despite the adoption of the Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) by the UN General Assembly in 1979, violence against women and girls remains a pervasive problem worldwide. To date, only two out of three countries have outlawed domestic violence, while 37 countries worldwide still exempt rape perpetrators from prosecution if they are married to or eventually marry the victim and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence.

To mark this event, Elsevier presents a curated, freely available collection of journal articles and book chapters to highlight the urgent need to end violence against women and girls.

Elsevier,

Transport Policy, Volume 114, December 2021

Promotes Goal 5 Gender Equality by proposing ways in which transport can be made safer for women in Bangladesh.
Elsevier,

Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 89, 1 November 2021

A study looking into the financial costs of violence against women and girls in 2 developing countries.
Elsevier,

Transport Policy, Volume 111, September 2021

Promotes Goal 5 Gender Equality by showing how social media can reveal different gendered concerns and thus enable transport providers and policymakers to address them, thereby promoting public transport systems that are more sustainable and more suitable for women to use.
Elsevier,

Women's Studies International Forum, Volume 88, 1 September 2021

A review of the effects of an acid attack from the point of view of the victims.
Elsevier,

Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology, Volume 41, 1 April 2016

Women who experience sexual violence are at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. MAP Training is a neurogenesis-inspired intervention to help women recover from trauma.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 69, June 2021

This study highlights the potential adverse effects of climate change on future sexual crime and provides some information for targeted preventions.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 147, May 2021

Promotes Goal 5 Gender Equality by finding that women's attitudes to what is an acceptable level of safety and security are affected by their perception of what is 'normal'. Information/education can change people's expectations and thereby lead to improvements. This study was carried out in the context of public transport but the conclusion applies in other contexts as well.
Elsevier, The Lancet Global Health, Volume 9, August 2021
Background: The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health have been understudied among vulnerable populations, particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings. We aimed to analyse how the pandemic is related to early changes in mental health and parenting stress among caregivers, many of whom are internally displaced persons (IDP), in a conflict-affected setting in Colombia. Methods: For this cohort study, we used longitudinal data from a psychosocial support programme in which 1376 caregivers were randomly assigned across four sequential cohorts.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 8, June 2021

This cross-sectional study of 109 women recruited across four prisons in Scotland, UK, supports SDGs 3, 5, and 16 by showing a strong association between a history of significant head injury and violent offences. Most instances of head injury were due to a history of repeated domestic abuse, and linked to current PTSD. These findings highlight the need to include significant head injury as a vulnerability when developing criminal justice policies, such as risk management, mental health, and prisoner rehabilitation and support.

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