Complementarity of Variable Renewable Energy Sources - Chapter 22: Complementarity and application of renewable energy sources in the marine environment

Elsevier, Complementarity of Variable Renewable Energy Sources, 2022, pp 527-558
Kasiulis E., Jurasz J., Sapiega P., Bochenek B.

Today marine renewables represent the smallest part of the renewable energy market. Still, it is also true that marine renewable energy sources could meet electricity needs for the growing world if the marine energy utilization technologies would be perfected in the future. This chapter is divided into three main sections. In the first section, we present the possibilities of the complementarity of these renewable energy sources by showing how they can be utilized jointly, what are the advantages and the main barriers for such development. The second section is dedicated to the case study of the complementarity of the combined wind, wave, and solar offshore energy system in Baltic Sea—small, relatively shallow, and enclosed water body in the Northern Europe. In the third section, we describe the applications of the marine renewable energy, that is, the possible end-users for all electricity generated in our seas and oceans. From benefits to offshore industrial sites like the oils rigs to nearshore or even onshore applications like the realization of the green seaport idea.