National Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDS)

National Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDS) form a fundamental pillar in implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs were designed with a universal scope, yet their realization heavily relies on national and local action. This is where NSDS come into play, translating the global vision into local reality.

NSDS are strategic, comprehensive policy frameworks that countries develop and implement to promote sustainable development at the national level. They reflect the economic, social, and environmental realities of each country, taking into account their unique challenges, opportunities, and resources. Thus, NSDS allows each country to tailor the SDGs to its own context, ensuring they address the most pressing issues.

The process of creating and implementing NSDS also encourages stakeholder participation and promotes cooperation across different sectors. It fosters a sense of ownership and commitment among stakeholders, vital for the successful realization of the SDGs. For instance, NSDS might call for collaboration between the private sector, civil society, and government to tackle SDG 13, "Climate Action," by reducing carbon emissions or investing in renewable energy sources.

Moreover, NSDS often include mechanisms for monitoring and evaluating progress towards sustainable development. This aligns with SDG 17, "Partnership for the Goals," which emphasizes the importance of accountability and data-driven decision-making in achieving the SDGs. Monitoring and evaluation mechanisms embedded within NSDS ensure continuous learning and adjustment, which is crucial in addressing the dynamic and complex nature of sustainable development.

This study focused on the HJRB, the location of the world's largest inter-basin water transfer project, as the study area.
This article advances SDG # 13 by identifying political economy "enabling conditions" of climate action and recommends a framework for assessing and measuring progress.
This article advances SDG # 13 by arguing that flaws with carbon offsets, such as exaggerated climate benefits, emission avoidance rather than carbon removal, non-durable carbon storage, greenwashing, and double-counting, ultimately make the current system incompatible with the Paris Agreement.
The short comment supports SDGs 12 and 13 and advocates the concept of LIFE that focusses on an individual's responsibility to utilise resources mindfully and contribute their share to saving the planet. This concept was introduced by the Indian government at COP 26
This study evaluates climate change impacts on U.S. agriculture using process-based and econometric models.

iScience Volume 26, Issue 4, 21 April 2023, 106420

The paper discusses the progress of SDGs Life on Land and Life below water over the past decade
Studies on the distribution of microplastics in aquatic environments are summarized and environmental and anthropogenic factors affecting microplastic toxicity are reviewed

Forest Ecology and Management, Volume 534, 15 April 2023, 120782

Many of the forests of the world are parts of complex landscapes that include intact native forests, forests utilized by communities, and agricultural lands. Understanding ecosystem services at the scale of landscapes benefits from careful consideration of transitions among these land uses, and this article examines these topics for landscapes in Peru and the Philippines.
This article advances SDG # 13 by devising a new way of accounting for responsibility, and shows that developing countries value-chain based responsibility for global CO2 emissions has surpassed that of developed countries since 2012 and is increasing quickly. Massive global value chains, through global trade, make accounting for "responsibility" of climate emissions increasingly complicated.