This Article supports SDG 3 by showing that short-course tuberculosis preventive treatment is likely to be cost-effective (compared with no tuberculosis preventive treatment) for adult contacts in 15 countries and people living with HIV/AIDS in seven countries, even under conservative cost-effectiveness thresholds.
This Article supports SDG 3 by showing that men who have sex with men (MSM) in Africa remain highly vulnerable to HIV acquisition and HIV-related mortality and morbidity, undermining the Global AIDS Strategy to end AIDS; realising the UNAIDS 95-95-95 targets and reducing disparities in HIV incidence requires urgent efforts to strengthen community-led prevention efforts.
Elsevier,

Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 123, August 2023

Using brain tissue from donors with Alzheimer's disease, Anderson et al. identify new links between gene regulation and disease. These regulators could represent future clinical targets or disease markers for Alzheimer's diagnosis and treatment.
Choropleth map displaying HIV Prevalence spread across Nigeria.
Population-based surveys are expensive and time consuming. By determining state-level seropositivity using national testing service data and a Bayesian linear model, a map of HIV prevalence was generated across the whole of Nigeria. By identifying the areas in which HIV is most prevalent interventions can be targeted. This less resource intense Bayseian method allows for national monitoring of HIV prevalence.
Elsevier,

Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 204, 1 August 2023

In vivo triple transgenic AD mouse model brains and retinas showed hypoxic vessels expressing hypoxyprobe and HIF-1α. In in vitro OGD-treated endothelial cells, HIF-1α upregulated NADPH oxidase (NOX) (i.e., Nox2, Nox4). NLRP1 protein was promoted by OGD, and such effect was blocked by downregulation of Nox4 and HIF-1α. Hypoxic endothelial cells of AD brains and retinas markedly expressed NLRP1, ASC, caspase-1, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Chronic hypoxia in microvascular endothelial cells leads to HIF-1α-NLRP1 circuit in AD.
This study observes that oxidative dame in Alzheimer's Diseases is a pathogenic mechanism at the cell-tissue level.
PHQ-8 could be used for screening and severity assesment of depressive symptoms at the European level.
This Health Policy paper supports SDGs 2, 3, and 13, by identifying and examining the debates that arose from the publication of the EAT–Lancet Commission, systematically examining how research has been directly influenced by the Commission, and synthesising identified research gaps to build a research agenda for healthy and sustainable food systems.
Background: Over the past three decades, the prevalence of adolescent emotional problems (ie, anxiety and depression) has risen.
Background: Few studies have evaluated postnatal depression before and during the Covid-19 pandemic using comparable data across time.

Pages