Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 7, October 2017, Pages 13-17

Over the last decades, considerable attention has been directed towards the use of water as a medium in organic synthesis for sustainability, non-toxicity and safety reasons. In support of SDG 12, the paper presents the most recent advances in applications of alternative medium to replace polar aprotic solvents such as dimethylformamide (DMF), dimethylacetamide (DMAc) or N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). Focus is made on the use of nonionic designer surfactant (e.g. TPGS-750-M) in water instead of traditional organic solvents.

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 7, October 2017, Pages 23-30

Enzymes are used in biocatalytic processes for the efficient and sustainable production of pharmaceuticals, fragrances, fine chemicals, and other products. Most bioprocesses exploit chemistry found in nature, but we are now entering a realm of biocatalysis that goes well beyond. Enzymes have been engineered to catalyze reactions previously only accessible with synthetic catalysts. Because they can be tuned by directed evolution, many of these new biocatalysts have been shown to perform abiological reactions with high activity and selectivity. We discuss recent examples, showcase catalyst improvements achieved using directed evolution, and comment on some current and future implications of non-natural enzyme evolution for sustainable chemical synthesis.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 28, October 2017, Pages 90-99

Since the 1950s the amount of plastics in the marine environment has increased dramatically. Worldwide there is a growing concern about the risks and possible adverse effects of (micro)plastics. This paper reflects on the sources and effects of marine litter and the effects of policies and other actions taken worldwide related to SDG 14.
Addressing hunger and malnutrition (goal 2) is key to advancing goal 3. This review and meta-analysis provides national, regional, and global estimates of lactose malabsorption, which can guide identification of likely causes of gastrointestinal symptoms and their optimal management, and also guide policy—eg, when choosing food for provision during famine outbreaks.
The crime and justice statistics collected by the UNODC are an invaluable tool for policy makers, law makers and civil society. Accurate statistics are vital indicators to enable resource planning for interventions. Targets for SDG 16 include 16.1 to reduce all forms of violence and related death rates and 16.4 to combat all forms of organised crime.
The detailed country surveys measure the extent and pattern of corruption across business, population and government administration. These indicators are vital to understanding this complex area and provide invaluable insight at country level. The report and tools on the UNODC web page inform target SDG 16.5 to substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms.
This paper examines the trends in famine over the last 150 years, with particular attention to the fusion of famine with forcible mass starvation. It identifies four main historic periods of famines, namely: the zenith of European colonialism; the extended World War; post-colonial totalitarianism; and post-Cold War humanitarian emergencies; and asks whether we may be entering a fifth period in which famines return in new guises. The paper explores structural causes of famine vulnerability, the overlapping but distinct causes of food crises and excess mortality in those crises, and the proximate triggers of famine. While noting that almost all famines have multiple causes, with no individual factor either necessary or sufficient, the paper focuses on the growing significance of political decision and military tactics in creating famine. It is an important review of the causes related to hunger and therefore to help advance SDG 2.
RELX Group has published a new analysis, conducted by Elsevier, on SDG4: Quality education. This new graphic builds on Elsevier’s 2015 Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape Report, and its 2017 update Sustainability Science in graphic form. Looking specifically at SDG 4, this graphic provides insight into peer-reviewed research on education as related to the themes of the goal.
Screen shots from the LexisNexis Newsdesk® app
The LexisNexis Newsdesk® app featuring human rights is a free app which tracks news about the 17 SDGs and brings relevant stories from across the world in real time to your mobile device. Media monitoring using LexisNexis technology provides insights and news that will inform all those who are working to advance the SDGs. Target SDG 17.16 includes encouraging multi-stakeholder partnerships that mobilize and share knowledge, expertise, technology and financial resources, to support the achievement of the sustainable development goals in all countries.