Countries, parental occupation, and girls' interest in science

Elsevier, The Lancet, Volume 393, Issue 10171, 9–15 February 2019, Pages 6-8.
Jiesi Guo, Herbert Marsh, Philip Parker, Theresa Dicke and Brooke Van Zandena

Although women have made substantial progress in the uptake of undergraduate and graduate study in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields, they remain under-represented overall. The gender gap in STEM enrolment is related to differences in attitudes toward science rather than differences in mathematical and scientific ability. We explored the factors influencing adolescent girls' interest in science, with a focus on the interplay between cultural factors and parental occupation.