Structural integrity: Recognizing, measuring, and addressing systemic racism and its health impacts

Elsevier, eClinicalMedicine, Volume 36, June 2021
Boynton-Jarrett R., Raj A., Inwards-Breland D.J.

For centuries racism - a system of advantage where opportunity and value are assigned based on socially constructed categories of “race” - has contributed to human division, conflicts, and suffering [1]. Racial and ethnic inequalities in health, education and life chances are well-documented, and are deeply rooted in colonization, legal subordination, degradation, displacement, genocide and enslavement of targeted populations [2].