Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies - Urban Agriculture and Vertical Farming

Elsevier, Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies, Volume , 4 July 2017
Chungui Lu and Steven Grundy

World agriculture is undergoing a transition to new technological paradigms driven by innovations in sustainability and resource use efficiency. The development of this new paradigm is enabled by the ongoing "precision," "info," and "smart" revolutions, and new demands of the markets. This article is intended to introduce a novel agricultural practice-vertical farming/urban agriculture that can help deliver, in environmentally and socially sustainable ways, safe and nutritious food for a growing world population-improving global food security and citizen health and wellbeing. An effect of this new agricultural revolution is a notable increase in crop yields and quality.