Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

China's Airpollution
Supporting Goal 11. Tightening environmental regulations in China to combat pollution will intensify supply-side pressures on its petrochemical industry which could drive up commodity prices
ICIS,

ICIS Chemical Business, 01 March 2018

Pollution in China
Supporting Goal 11. Tightening environmental regulations in China will pause before being replaced by plans for tougher curbs on smog levels during the two years until 2020
Supporting Goal 11. China's import ban on plastic waste will increase demand for virgin resin, causing a rise in utilisation rates for plants.
ICIS,

ICIS Chemical Business, 12 January 2018

President Xi’s environmental drive prioritises air quality over GDP growth
Supporting Goal 11. China’s campaign to clean-up its environment. spurs record profits in chemicals value chains.
Venus and Alexandri present a model to bridge the organic waste sector and the chemical production sector to develop bio-based platform chemicals, showing connectedness of SDGs 9,11 and 12. Starting with an overview of some of the potential feedstock routes to bio-based platform chemicals, the authors provide an overview of the opportunities, value, production routes, and examples of companies producing these platform chemistries. They conclude with a number of technical and institutional challenges to bio-based platform chemical production as well as potential opportunities moving forward.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 8, 2017

From waste to wealth using green chemistry: The way to long term stability
This paper provides an overview on societal challenges and opportunities associated with waste valorization strategies, contributing to SDG 12. Moving away from the linear economy model, waste becomes a resource rather than a burden for the society. Focusing on two specific waste streams – namely plastics and food supply chain wastes – it explores a circular economy model. Bearing in mind that waste is a resource, initiatives all over the world should not only target minimizing or totally stopping land-filling but also reducing existing land-fills through landfill mining. In accordance with SDG 17, Clark suggests a three-way partnership between industry, government and the public – where each actor plays a specific role in promoting new technologies, developing supportive regulations and embracing a new consumption attitude towards waste.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 1-10

Production wells in oil and gas industries are continually exposed to highly corrosive environments during stimulation treatments such as acidization. Acid treatment is used to increase rock permeability. However, these acids can be corrosive and the corrosive inhibitors that are added are environmentally damaging. This paper explores the research into corrosion inhibitors that are environmentally friendly, contributing to SDG 13.
Elsevier,

Science Bulletin, Volume 62, Issue 2, 30 January 2017, Pages 83-91

Traditional nutrient recycling systems in China have been recognized as a good model for long-term sustainability. Nevertheless, the traditional philosophy has not been well inherited in modern society, and the consequences of environmental degradation from the changed nutrient management systems have not been well recognized by the public. If the additional nutrient sources in future urbanization cannot be well recycled, people will face more challenging environmental problems. The analysis of the environmental and economic costs from wastewater treatment systems indicates that the road for nutrient management after the 1980s was not the right choice. China should re-evaluate the value of the traditional philosophy and develop new technologies to meet modern socioeconomic requirements. These insights support many of the targets to advance SDG 11 Sustainable cities and communities.
Ecological infrastructure (EI) refers to ecosystems that deliver services to society, functioning as a nature-based equivalent of, or complement to, built infrastructure. EI is critical for socio-economic development, supporting a suite of development imperatives at local, national and international scales. This paper presents the myriad of ways that EI supports sustainable development, using South Africa and the South African National Development Plan as a case study, linking to the Sustainable Development Goals on a global level. We show the need for EI across numerous development and sustainability issues, including food security, water provision, and poverty alleviation contributing to several SDGs not least, goals 1, 11 and 17.
Low carbon investments in urban areas offer additional benefits (health and jobs). This article examines the co-benefits of low carbon investments in three 3 projects in different cities, addressing SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities) and SDG 13 (climate action).

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